Semnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X3120160401Non-Fourier heat conduction equation in a sphere; comparison of variational method and inverse Laplace transformation with exact solution475534410.22075/jhmtr.2016.344ENMohammad SadeghMotaghedi BarforoushSemnan UniversitySyfolahSaedodinFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, IranJournal Article20150701Small scale thermal devices, such as micro heater, have led researchers to consider more accurate models of heat in thermal systems. Moreover, biological applications of heat transfer such as simulation of temperature field in laser surgery is another pathway which urges us to re-examine thermal systems with modern ones. Non-Fourier heat transfer overcomes some shortcomings of Fourier heat transfer, when small scale systems as considered or non-homogeneous materials are under study. In this paper, the hyperbolic heat conduction problem in a sphere is solved by three approaches.<br />1. Finding the exact solution by using the method of separation of variables<br />2. Finding two approximate solutions by using the Laplace transformation and then<br />a. applying the variational method for finding the Laplace inverse<br />b. finding the solution of the problem in Laplace domain and using an asymptotic series to evaluate the solution for small values of times<br />Various orders for the variational method are considered and compared against analytical solution. Since the two latter methods can be used in nonlinear problems such as those include radiation heat loss, the approximate solutions can be useful addition in the field of thermal analysis of non-Fourier problems.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_344_1ad1fd82e91578307309adfbef3d5f10.pdf