Semnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Performance Investigation of Two Two-Stage Trans-Critical Carbon Dioxide Refrigeration Cycles Ejector and Internal Heat Exchangerبررسی عملکرد دو سیکل تبرید گذربحرانی کربن دی اکسید دومرحله ای اصلاح شده با اجکتور و مبدل حرارتی میانی7584289410.22075/jhmtr.2018.1707.1152ENAhmadReza Rahmatiuniversity of KashanA. Gheibiuniversity of kashanJournal Article20170415In the present work, the performances of improved two-stage multi inter-cooler trans- critical carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) refrigeration cycles with ejector and internal heat exchanger have been examined. In the new improved cycles, an internal heat exchanger is append to the cycles. Also, second inter-cooler in improved cycles, cooled with the refrigeration of the cycle, so that in first cycle it is a branch of saturated vapour flow from separator and in second cycle it is a branch of supersaturated steam from internal heat exchanger as well. Results are validated against those available in the literature. Comparisons of the results indicate that there is an excellent agreement between them. The influences of important operational parameters in the cycle performance such as pressure of gas-cooler, temperature of evaporator and temperature of gas-cooler on the performance of cycle have been analysed. The obtained results present that if the cooling flow for second inter-cooler supply from saturated vapour from separator, maximum coefficient of performance can be improved 25% in comparison with the conventional cycle at the considered specific states for operation.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_2894_1485f753ef4632ec766823eb7e2cff21.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Mixed convection study in a ventilated square cavity using nanofluidsMixed convection study in a ventilated square cavity using nanofluids143153348510.22075/jhmtr.2018.14640.1208ENPaulo MohallemGuimarãesFederal University of Itajubá, Itabira, Brazil0000-0002-2919-7666Márcio DimasRamosFederal University of Itajubá - Itabira CampusGenésio JoséMenonFederal University of Itajubá, Itajubá, BrazilJournal Article20180428This work indicates a numerical study on the laminar heat transfer mixed convection in a square cavity with two openings (an inlet and an outlet) on vertical walls through which nanofluid flows. Two flow directions are examined: i) ascending flow which enters the bottom opening and exits the upper opening; ii) descending flow which enters the upper opening and exits the bottom opening. The ascending flow contributes to buoyancy forces while for the descending flow, the opposite takes place. The intention is to cool a heat source placed at the center of the geometry. The nanofluid has Copper nanoparticles and water as its base-fluid. The velocity and temperature of the entrance flow are known. Some results are experimentally and numerically validated. A mesh independency study is carried out. Some parameters are ranged as follows: i) the Reynolds number from 50 to 500, the nanofluid volume fraction from 0 to 1%, the Grashof number from 10<sup>3</sup> to 10<sup>5</sup>. It is noteworthy to mention that in some cases, the fluid is stuck inside the cavity which weakens the heat transfer. The nanoparticles increase the heat transfer of 4% for the ascending primary flow inside the cavity.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3485_8d1077544a0508af50d0470b142ef47b.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Experimental Investigation of the Alumina/Paraffin Thermal Conductivity Nanofluids with a New Correlated Equation on Effective Thermal Conductivityبررسی آزمایشگاهی هدایت حرارتی نانوسیال پارافین آلومینا همراه با یک معادله همپوشانی شده جدید روی هدایت حرارتی موثر8593348910.22075/jhmtr.2018.14041.1203ENRouhollah YadollhiFarsaniDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, IranAfrasiab RaisiFaculty of Engineering, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, IranAfshin Ahmadi NadooshanFaculty of Engineering, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, IranJournal Article20180412Liquid paraffin as a coolant fluid can be applied in electronic devices as a result to its suitable capabilities such as electrical insulating, high heat capacity, chemical and thermal stability, and high boiling point. However, the poor thermal conductivity of paraffin has been confined its thermal cooling application. Addition of high conductor nanoparticles to paraffin can fix this drawback properly. In this article, the influence of the nanoparticles on the thermal conductivity of base material was assessed. Temperature (20-50°C) and volume fractions (0-3%) effect on the thermal conductivity of paraffin/alumina nanofluids have been considered. Nanofluid samples were prepared applying the two-step method. The thermal conductivity was measured by a KD2 pro instrument. The results indicated the thermal conductivity augments smoothly with an increase in volume fraction of nanoparticles as well as temperature. Moreover, it observed that for nanofluids with more volume-fraction the temperature affection is more remarkable. Thermal conductivity enhancement (TCE) and effective thermal conductivity (ETC) of the nanofluid was calculated and new correlations were reported to predict the values of them based on the volume fraction of nanoparticles and temperature of nanofluid accurately.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3489_2797f310ec43e19572674e3afcf60815.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Numerical Study of turbulent free convection of liquid metal with constant and variable properties in the presence of magnetic fieldNumerical Study of Turbulent Free Convective of Liquid Metal with Constant and Variable Properties in the Presence of Magnetic Field133141362410.22075/jhmtr.2019.15043.1209ENMohsen PirmohammadiIslamic Azad University, Pardis BranchJournal Article20180629In this research, turbulent MHD convection of liquid metal with constant and variable properties is investigated numerically. The finite volume method is applied to model the fluid flow and natural convection heat transfer in a square cavity. The fluid flow and heat transfer were simulated and compared for two cases constant and variable properties. It is observed that for the case variable properties in high Hartmann numbers (Ha) the temperature slope near the hot wall is more than the cold wall. For both cases, the temperature gradient near the hot and cold walls is high. By applying magnetic field and increasing the Ha the temperature slope reduces so at Ha=800 the profile is linear. In the case constant properties, the slope of temperature profile near the vertical walls is the same and the temperature profiles pass from one point at the center of the cavity. However,in the case variable properties as it was expected the temperature profile doesn’t pass one point and the slope of temperature profile at high Hartmann numbers near the hot and cold walls is partly different. Furthermore, it is indicated that for the case constant properties the Nusselt number is less than the case variable properties.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3624_ab1cf148f9f3ccd92a03cdb51baf6236.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X62201910013D Simulation of the Effects of the Plasma Actuator on the Unsteady, Turbulent and Developing Flow within a Circular Ductشبیه سازی سه بعدی اثرات عملگر پلاسمایی بر جریانِ ناپایا، آشفته و در حال توسعه درون مجرای مدور95103362810.22075/jhmtr.2019.15089.1211ENHamidreza YazdaniDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Yazd University, YazdMohammad Sefidyazd university
university blvd. - safayieh - yazd
po box 89195 - 741Journal Article20180710The objective of current paper is 3D simulation of turbulent, developing flow and unsteady within a circular duct in presence of the body force vector persuaded by Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuator inside the surface of geometry for the first time. This article aims at investigating of applying plasma actuator to control separation with special arrangement of electrodes. For this reason, the plasma actuator is modeled in OpenFOAM software and the results are validated.Subesequently, to examine the effect of the presence of the plasma actuator a numerical study is carried out on a 3D flow. The physics of the problem is determined by three phenomena of increasing the flow cross-sectional, developing flow and simultaneous flow in both radial and tangential directions, especially the pressure gradients. As a result of the geometry of the problem, the actuators are arranged differently and the electrodes are arranged in radial direction. The results indicate that plasma actuator delay the separation point.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3628_d9b1cd9c33ee27cc97bd2c854f2d51d5.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001GDL construction effects on distribution of reactants and electrical current density in PEMFCتاثیر ساختار لایه نفوذ گاز بر جریان واکنشدهندهها و چگالی جریان الکتریکی در پیل سوختی پلیمری105116377010.22075/jhmtr.2019.16653.1224ENReza BahooshDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IranMoosa Jafarimechanical department, engineering facaulty, shahid chamran universitySeyed Saied BahrainianDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IranJournal Article20181201In this article, a two dimensional pore scale model of polymeric fuel cell, which is promising of a clean and renewable energy production, is presented here. Let reactive gases behave as an ideal gas; inhomogeneous anisotropic structure of the gas diffusion layer, is contemplated as a random generated circular porous media. Lattice Boltzmann method is applied to inquire the fluid flow and mass transfer within the cathode microstructure. All parts of the cathode have the same temperature and the electrochemical reaction on the surface of the catalyst layer enters the solution as a boundary condition. Effects of the gas diffusion layer structure (carbon fibers diameters changes) on the flow of reactive gases, molar fraction of various oxygen species, and water vapor within the various parts of the gas diffusion layer as well as the electrical current density are investigated. The results indicate that by increasing the diameter of the carbon fibers in the gas diffusion layer within constant porosity facilitates both the flow of oxygen and the vapor species inside the GDL, while affecting the produced electrical current on the surface of the catalyst layer.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3770_c2ef3994406584b69915a8deddda0e01.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Heat and Mass Transfer of Nanofluid over a Linear Stretching Surface with Viscous Dissipation EffectHeat and Mass transfer of a nanofluid over a linear stretching sheet with viscous dissipation effect117124385810.22075/jhmtr.2019.15419.1214ENG NarenderMathematics, JNTUH0000-0003-1537-3793G Sreedhar SarmaMathematics, SV University, Andhra Pradesh0000-0003-0621-415XKamatam GovardhanGITAM University
Hyderabad
Telangana0000-0002-6707-3162Journal Article20180809Boundary Layer Flow past a stretching surface with constant wall temperature, of a nanofluid is studied for heat transfer characteristics. The system of partial differential equations describing such a flow is subjected to similarity transformations gives rise to a boundary value problem involving a system of ordinary differential equations. This system is solved by a shooting method. Effect of the non-dimensional parameters on temperature and concentration profiles are displayed graphically for different values of the parameters, namely, Brownian motion parameter, Lewis number, Prandtl number and thermophoresis parameter. The reduced Nusselt number and the reduced Sherwood number are also shown in a tabular form.<br />The main objective of this paper is to extend the numerical investigation of boundary-layer flow of steady state, two-dimensional flow of nanofluid over a stretching surface with the impact of viscous dissipation. The ordinary differential equations are obtained by applying similarity transformation on partial differential equations. Then, the system is solved by applying the shooting techniques together with Adams-Bashforth Moulton Method. Software Fortran is used to compute the numerical results and the resulting values are indicated through graphs and tables.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3858_82e0e37e98c6225a683b6c45ade7b6d5.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Analytical Solutions for Spatially Variable Transport-Dispersion of Non-Conservative PollutantsAnalytical Solutions for Spatially Variable Transport-Dispersion of Non-Conservative Pollutants125132395210.22075/jhmtr.2019.15592.1217ENVidya Prasad VisvanathShuklaProfessor, Department of MathematicsJournal Article20180809Analytical solutions have been obtained for both conservative and non-conservative forms of one-dimensional transport and transport-dispersion equations applicable for pollution as a result of a non-conservative pollutant-disposal in an open channel with linear spatially varying transport velocity and nonlinear spatially varying dispersion coefficient on account of a steady unpolluted lateral inflow in accordance to the channel. A logarithmic transformation in the space variable has been applied in order to derive a general solution of the transport equation for spatially variable initial pollutant distribution and upstream time-dependent pollutant concentration. The logarithmic transformation reduces both conservative and non-conservative forms of transport-dispersion equation to a form with constant coefficients that is solvable by analytical methods. An analysis of these solutions indicates that only the solution of a conservative form of the governing equation yields appropriate results that are conceptually acceptable in a real physical situation.<br /> The solution lends to analyze the damping effect of such transport on the pollutant with an initial Gaussian profile, in contrast with that of the initial quasi-Gaussian profile available in the literature. It is noteworthy to mention that the solution of conservative form of the transport equation implies that mass of the non-conservative pollutant in the channel decreases with an increase in time, and finally reaches to a constant value that is a ratio of product of the transport velocity coefficient and upstream concentration to the coefficient of decay of the pollutant.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3952_53440464d56b818ec2e919189740f8d3.pdfSemnan University PressJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer Research2345-508X6220191001Heat Transfer Studies of Supercritical Water Flows in an Upward Vertical Tube155167398510.22075/jhmtr.2019.17488.1229ENDeenadayalan Santhosh KumarR&D, High Pressure Boiler Plant, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Trichy, India.Suresh SNational Institute of Technology, Trichy, IndiaAnand SundaravelMechanical engineering, NIT Trichy,Tamilnadu, India.Journal Article20190416In this paper, an investigation of heat transfer characteristics at supercritical pressure fluid flowing in a uniformly heated vertical tube has been carried out. In order to reduce thermal emissions and increase thermal efficiency, supercritical boilers were developed at various sizes. Above supercritical pressure, the distinction of liquid and gas phases disappears. This dispenses with the problem of critical heat flux and dry out phenomenon which occurs in subcritical pressure. However, the study of heat transfer behavior above supercritical pressure is indeed required due to the heat transfer deterioration operation at high heat flux to mass flux ratio. In the present work, numerical simulation has been employed in order to inquire about the effect of various parameters such as heat flux to mass flux ratio, diameter and pressure that causes heat transfer deterioration. Shear Stress Transport k-ω model has been applied in all the computations. It is observed that the metal temperature predicted by numerical simulation is more accurate than the empirical correlations available in the literature. A Visual Basic Program has also been developed to assess the empirical correlations in the context of predicting metal temperature under 5280 different operating conditions. Tube sizes of 10, 15 & 20 mm inner diameter with 4 m length, the pressure between 225 and 280 bar and heat flux to mass flux ratio between 0.27 and 0.67 have been chosen to explore the effect of diameter, pressure and heat flux respectively.https://jhmtr.semnan.ac.ir/article_3985_4995642552d189a87b0e15342ccc2a30.pdf