Analysis of Gasketed-plate Heat Exchanger Performance Using Nanofluid

Document Type : Full Lenght Research Article


1 Islamic Azad University of Abadan

2 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California, USA


A heat exchanger using nanofluid needs to operate at optimum mass concentration level to get the maximum heat transfer performance. A numerical analysis is performed on the heat transfer and pressure drop of water-based γ-Al2O3 nanofluid gasketed-plate heat exchanger to specify its optimum conditions. Cold water will be heated by γ-Al2O3/water nanofluid. The results showed that optimal volume concentration of γ-Al2O3/water nanofluid based on a maximum performance index is about 0.016. The heat transfer rate at the optimal concentration of nanofluid is approximately 12.3% higher than that of pure water (base fluid), while pumping power is increased by 1.15%. With regard to 1% enhancement in heat transfer rate with increasing ϕ values from ϕ=0.016 to ϕ=0.028 (optimum volume concentration for maximum heat transfer rate) and the pumping power required for nanofluid, the optimum concentration for maximum performance index is selected as the best level of particle volume fraction for γ-Al2O3/water nanofluid in this research.


Main Subjects

N. Bozorgan, M. Mafi, N. Bozorgan, Performance Evaluation of Al2O3/water Nanofluid as Coolant in a Double-tube Heat Exchanger Flowing under a Turbulent Flow Regime,Advances in Mechanical Engineering (2012) Article ID 891382 8 pages.
[2] N. Bozorgan, K. Krishnakumar, N. Bozorgan, Numerical Study on Application of CuO-water Nanofluid in Automotive Diesel Engine Radiator, Modern Mechanical Engineering 2 (2012) 130-136.
[3] N. Bozorgan and M. Shafahi, Performance Evaluation of Nanofluids in Solar Energy: A Re-view of the Recent Literature, Micro and Nano Systems Letters (2015) 3:5.
[4] E. Ollivier, J. Bellettre, M. Tazerout and G. C. Roy, Detection of Knock Occurrence in a Gas SI Engine from a Heat Transfer Analysis, Energy Conversion and Management 47 (2006) 879-893.
[5] M.A. Khairul, M.A. Alim, I.M. Mahbubul, R. Saidur, A. Hepbasli, A. Hossain, Heat transfer performance and exergy analyses of a corrugated plate heat, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 50 (2014) 8-14.
[6] A. Zamzamian, S. Nasseri Oskouie, A. Doosthoseini, A. Joneidi and M. Pazouki, Experimental investigation of forced convective heat transfer coefficient in nanofluids of Al2O3/EG and CuO/EG in a double pipe and plate heat exchangers under turbulent flow,Experimental Thermal Fluid Science 35 (2011) 495-502.
[7] S.D. Pandey, V. Nema, Experimental analysis of heat transfer and friction factor of nanofluid as a coolant in a corrugated plate heat exchanger, Exp. Thermal Fluid Sci. 38 (2012) 248-256.
[8] M.N. Pantzali, A.A. Mouza and S.V. Paras, Investigating the efficacy of nanofluids as coolants in plate heat exchangers (PHE), Chemical Engineering Science 64 (2009) 3290-3300.
[9] Y. H. Kwon, D. Kim, C. G. Li, J. K. Lee, D. S. Hong, Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics of Nanofluids in a Plate Heat Exchanger, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology11 (2011) 5769–5774.
[10] M. Haghshenasfard, M. R. Talaie, S. nasr, Numerical and experimental investigation of heat transfer of ZnO/water nanofluid in the concentric tube and plate heat exchangers, Thermal Science 15 (2011) 183-194.
[11] B.C. Pak, Y.I. Cho, Hydrodynamic and heat transfer study of dispersed fluids with submicron metallic oxide particles, Experimental Heat transfer 11 (1998) 151-170.
[12] Y. Xuan, W. Roetzel, Conceptions of heat transfer correlation of nanofluids, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 43 (2000) 3701-3707.
[13] M. Corcione, Empirical correlating equations for predicting the effective thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of nanofluids, Energy Conversion Management 52 (2011) 789-793.
[14] Hongtan Liu S. K., “Heat Exchangers Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design”, Boca Raton London New York Washington, D. C. (2002).
[15] Q. Li, Y. Xuan, Convective heat transfer and flow characteristics of Cu–water nanofluid, Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, 45 (2002) 408-416.
[16] R. S. Vajjha, D. K. Das, D. P. Kulkarni, Development of new correlations for convective heat transfer and friction factor in turbulent regime for nanofluids, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53 (2010) 4607-4618.
[17] E. Cao, Heat transfer in process engineering, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010.
[18] M.H. Esfe, S. Saedodin, M. Mahmoodi, Experimental studies on the convective heat transfer performance and thermophysical properties of MgO-water nanofluid under turbulent flow, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 52 (2014) 68-78.
[19] C.S. Jwo, L.Y. Jeng, T.P. Teng, C.C. Chen, Performance of overall heat transfer in multi-channel heat exchanger by alumina nanofluid, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 504 (2010) S385-S388.
[20] D. Lelea, The performance evaluation of Al2O3/water nanofluid flow and heat transfer in microchannel heat sink, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 54 (2011) 3891-3899.
[21] C.S. Jwo, L.Y. Jeng, T.P. Teng, C.C. Chen, Performance of overall heat transfer in multi-channel heat exchanger by alumina nanofluid, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 504 (2010) S385-S388.
[22] A.K. Tiwari, P. Ghosh, J. Sarkar, Performance comparison of the plate heat exchanger using different nanofluids, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 49 (2013) 141-151.
[23] A.K. Tiwari, P. Ghosh, J. Sarkar, Particle concentration levels of various nanofluids in plate heat exchanger for best performance, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 89 (2015) 1110-1118.
  • Receive Date: 23 May 2016
  • Revise Date: 28 February 2017
  • Accept Date: 05 March 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 April 2017