Effects of the rectangular groove dimensions on the thermal features of the turbulent Al2O3-water nanofluid flow in the grooved tubes

Document Type : Full Lenght Research Article


Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan


 The forced convection heat transfer of turbulent Al2O3-water nanofluid flow inside the grooved tubes
with the different aspect ratio of the rectangular grooves is numerically investigated. The governing
equations have been solved using finite volume method (FVM) coupled with SIMPLE algorithm. It is
assumed the heat flux is constant on the grooved walls. The Single-phase approach is applied for the
computation of the nanofluid flow. The Nanoparticles volume fraction is in the range of 0-5% and flow
Reynolds number is in the range of 10,000-35,000. Comparisons between the numerical results and
available experimental data show that among different turbulence models, k-ε model with enhanced wall
treatment gives the better results. The results show that the heat transfer coefficient increases with
nanoparticles volume fraction and Reynolds number but it is accompanied by pressure drop
augmentation. From the results, it is concluded that the grooved tubes with Al2O3-water nanofluid flow
are thermodynamically advantageous. The Correlations for heat transfer coefficients have been presented
for grooved tubes in different aspect ratios using the numerical results. The optimum geometric ratios in
which the entropy generation is minimized are also determined.


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