A comparison of catalyst behavior of Samaria Modified Ni Catalyst Supported on Mesoporous Silica and Carbon for Methane CO2 Reforming

Document Type : Full Lenght Research Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Material and Metallurgical Engineering, Semnan university, Semnan, Iran

2 Faculty of Material and Metallurgical Engineering, Semnan university,Semnan, Iran

3 Faculty of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Abstract

The Samaria-promoted of 10wt% Nickel-CMK-3 and 10wt% Nickel-SBA-15 were synthesized by the Samarium (3wt %) addition, and using the two-solvent impregnation technique. The N2 adsorption-desorption, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, x-ray diffraction and the transmission electron microscopy analysis were used to characterize of the Samaria modified and unmodified catalysts. Furthermore, the catalyst performances were tested under the carbon dioxide reforming of methane. As a result, the x-ray diffraction and surface area investigation revealed that the addition of Samaria (Sm2O3) into the Nickel (Ni) catalysts/silica (SBA-15) and carbon (CMK-3) mesostructures decreased the particles size and surface area according to the TEM micrographs; however, mproved the catalysts activity and catalysts stability. The role of investigation of support in the dry reforming reaction indicated that the activity and catalysts stability of the Ni/CMK-3 catalysts were lower than the Ni/SBA-15 catalysts due to the agglomeration of Ni nanoparticles on the CMK-3 support, the sintering of Ni nanoparticles, the burning of the mesoporous carbon support in the higher temperatures and the blocking of Ni nanoparticles into the deposited carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Z. Taherian, M. Yousefpour, M. Tajally, B. Khoshandam, Promotional effect of samarium on the activity and stability of Ni-SBA-15 catalysts in dry reforming of methane, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 251, 9-18, (2017
[2] Z. Taherian, M. Yousefpour, M. Tajally, B. Khoshandam, A comparative study of ZrO2, Y2O3 and Sm2O3 promoted Ni/SBA-15 catalysts for evaluation of CO2/methane reforming performance. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(26), 6408-1642, (2017).
[3] Z. Taherian, M. Yousefpour, M. Tajally, B, Khoshandam, Catalytic performance of Samaria-promoted Ni and Co/SBA-15 catalysts for dry reforming of methane, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(39), 24811-24822, (2017).
112 Z.Taherian/ JHMTR 8 (2021) 105 - 113
[4] S. Das, M. Sengupta, J. Patel, A. Bordoloi, A study of the synergy between support surface properties and catalyst deactivation for CO2 reforming over supported Ni nanoparticles. Applied Catalysis A: General, 545, 113-126, (2017).
[5] T.S. Phan, A.R. Sane, B.R. Vasconcelos, A. Nzihou, P. Sharrock, D. Grouset, D. P. Minh, Hydroxyapatite supported bimetallic cobalt and Nickel catalysts for syngas production from dry reforming of methane. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 224, 310-321, (2018).
[6] E. Rbib, H.C. Bouallou, F. Werkoff, Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuel from dry reforming of methane, Energy Procedia, 29, 156-165, (2012).
[7] M. Sarkari, F. Fazlollahi, H. Atashi, A.A. Mirzaei, W.C. Hecker, Using different preparation methods to enhance Fischer-Tropsch products over iron-based catalyst, Chemical and biochemical engineering quarterly, 27(3), 259-266, (2013).
[8] S. Yasyerli, S. Filizgok, H. Arbag, N. Yasyerli, G. Dogu, Ru incorporated Ni–MCM-41 mesoporous catalysts for dry reforming of methane: Effects of Mg addition, feed composition and temperature, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36(8), 4863-4874, (2011).
[9] N. El Hassan, M.N. Kaydouh, H. Geagea, H. Elein, K. Jabbour, S. Casale, H E. Zakhem, Pascale Massiani, Low temperature dry reforming of methane on rhodium and cobalt based catalysts: active phase stabilization by confinement in mesoporous SBA-15, Applied Catalysis A: General, 520, 114-121(2016).
[10] S. Damyanova, B. Pawelec, K.A. Arishtirova, J.L.G. Fierro, C. Sener, T. Dogu, MCM-41 supported PdNi catalysts for dry reforming of methane. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 92(3-4), 250-261, (2009)..
[11] M.G. Diéguez, E. Finocchio, M.Á. Larrubia, L.J. Alemany, G. Busca, Characterization of alumina-supported Pt, Ni and PtNi alloy catalysts for the dry reforming of methane, Journal of Catalysis, 2)74(1, 11-20, (2010).
[12] E. Steinhauer, M.R. Kasireddy, J. Radnik, A. Martin, Development of Ni-Pd bimetallic catalysts for the utilization of carbon dioxide and methane by dry reforming, Applied Catalysis A: General, 366(2), 333-341, (2009).
[13] W. Gac, W. Zawadzki, G. Słowik, A. Sienkiewicz, A. Kierys, Nickel catalysts supported on silica microspheres for CO2 methanation, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 272, 7-17, (2018)
[14] M.S. Lanre, A.S. Al-Fatesh, A.H. Fakeeh, S.O. Kasim, A.A. Ibrahim, A.S. Al-Awadi, A.A. Al-Zahrani, A.E. Abasaeed, Effects of preparation technique and lanthana doping on Ni/La2O3-ZrO2 catalysts for hydrogen production by CO2 reforming of coke oven gas. Catalysis Today, 318(15), 23-31, (2017).
[15] S.Wang, Y. Wang, C. Hu, The effect of NH3· H2O addition in Ni/SBA-15 catalyst preparation on its performance for carbon dioxide reforming of methane to produce H2, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 30(26), 13921-13930, (2018).
[16] B. Fidalgo, L. Zubizarreta, J,.M.B. Menendez, A. Arenillas, J.A. Menéndez, Synthesis of carbon-supported Nickel catalysts for the dry reforming of CH4, Fuel Processing Technology, 91(7), 765-769, (2010).
[17] J. Matos, K. Díaz, V. García, T.C. Cordero, J.L. Brito, Methane transformation in presence of carbon dioxide on activated carbon supported Nickel–calcium catalysts, Catalysis letters, 109(3), 163-169, (2006).
[18] K. Díaz, V. García, J. Matos, Activated carbon supported Ni–Ca: influence of reaction parameters on activity and stability of catalyst on methane reformation, Fuel, 86(9), 1337-1344, (2007).
[19] M.C.Bradford, M.A. Vannice, Catalytic reforming of methane with carbon dioxide over Nickel catalysts I. Catalyst characterization and activity, Applied Catalysis A: General, 142(1), 73-96, (1996).
[20] B. Fidalgo, J.Á. Menendez, Carbon materials as catalysts for decomposition and CO2 reforming of methane: a review, Chinese journal of catalysis, 32(1-2), 207-216, (2011).
[21] A. Dandekar, R. Baker, M. Vannice, Carbon-supported copper catalysts: I. Characterization, Journal of Catalysis, 183(1), 131-154, (1999).
[22] N.B. Klinghoffer, M.J. Castaldi, A. Nzihou, Catalyst properties and catalytic performance of char from biomass gasification, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 51(40), 13113-13122, (2012).
[23] V.L. Budarin, J.H. Clark, S.J. Tavener, K. Wilson, Chemical reactions of double bonds in activated carbon: microwave and bromination methods, Chemical Communications, 23, 2736-2737, (2004).
[24] L. Xu, Y. Liu, Y. Li, M. Fan, Catalytic CH4 reforming with CO2 over activated carbon based catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 469, 387-397, (2014).
[25] Y. Shen, A.C. Lu, A trimodal porous carbon as an effective catalyst for hydrogen
Z.Taherian / JHMTR 8 (2021) 105 - 113 113
production by methane decomposition, Journal of colloid and interface science, 462, 48-55, (2016).
[26] F. Rodriguez-Rein oso, The role of carbon materials in heterogeneous catalysis. Carbon, 36(3), 159-175, (1998). 27. F. Stüber, J. Font, A. Fortuny, C. Bengoa, A. Eftaxias, A. Fabregat, Carbon materials and catalytic wet air oxidation of organic pollutants in wastewater, Topics in Catalysis, 33(1-4), 3-50, (2005).
[28] J. Goscianska, R. Pietrzak, J. Matos, Catalytic performance of ordered mesoporous carbons modified with lanthanides in dry methane reforming, Catalysis Today, 301, 204-216, (2018).
[29] D. Zhao, J. Sun¸ Q. Li, G.D. Stucky, Morphological control of highly ordered mesoporous silica SBA-15. Chemistry of Materials, 12(2), 275-279, (2000).
[30] S. Jun, S.H. Joo, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, M. Jaroniec, Z.H. Liu, T. Ohsuna, O. Terasaki, Synthesis of new, nanoporous carbon with hexagonally ordered mesostructure. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122(43), 10712-10713, (2000).
[31] M.I. Clerc, D. Bazin, M.D. Appay, P. Beaunier,
A. Davidson, Crystallization of β-MnO2 nanowires in the pores of SBA-15 silicas: in
situ investigation using synchrotron radiation, Chemistry of materials, 16(9), 1813-1821, (2004).
[32] M.N.Kaydouh, N.E. Hassan, A. Davidson, S.Casale, H.E. Zakhem, P. Massian, Highly active and stable Ni/SBA-15 catalysts prepared by a “two solvents” method for dry reforming of methane, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 220, 99-109, (2016).
[33] J.F. Li, C. Xia, C.T. Au, B.S. Liu, Y2O3-promoted NiO/SBA-15 catalysts highly active for CO2/CH4 reforming, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(21), 10927-10940. (2014).
[34] M.A. Azizi Ganzaghi, M. Yousefpour, Z, Taherian, The removal of mercury (II) from water by Ag supported on nanomesoporous silica, Journal of chemical biology, 9(4), 127-142, (2016).
[35] V. Shanmugam, R. Zapf, S. Neuberg, V. Hessel, G. Kolb, Effect of ceria and zirconia promotors on Ni/SBA-15 catalysts for coking and sintering resistant steam reforming of propylene glycol in microreactors. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 203, 859-869.